Do we see the same?

Media – Deconstruction

Objectives

• to develop critical thinking

• to increase the knowledge about using of news, pictures by media

• to learn about fake news

• to get to know more about filter bubble

 

Expected Outcomes

After the workshop participants should:

- be able to recognize fake news

- know how to check the information

- analyze the information from the media

 

Target group

Youth, Adults

All groups (National and/or Immigrants)

Number of participants: 10-20 people

 

Complexity

(1 - very easy, 5 - very difficult)

The degree of expertise needed - 3

The amount of work to prepare and implement the scenario - 3

The relative overall cost predicted - 3

 

Duration

3 hours (one break of 15 min)

Space

The room with chairs (one per person) putting in the circle and space to work in groups

Resources

Computer/laptop, video-projector, paper, pens, flipchart paper

 

Preparation

Before the workshop search and print the picture showing some discussing topic, which can be interoperate in different ways. You can also use the picture from Annex 1.

Prepare the quiz with the examples of fake news from last moths.

Make 5 copy of the picture and 1 copy of the description (different to each group).

 

Conduction

Introduction

In case you work with the group, which you don't know, and participants don't know each other you can make get to know game e.g. who belong the story? Ask participants to choose one thing, which they have with them and for some reason it's important for them. Ask them to think the story connected with this thing (in case they don't have any story they can make it up). When they are ready, ask to go for one person in the room, say the story of the thing, listen his/her story and exchange the things. In the next round they have to repeat the story of the thing, they have to another person and say the name of the owner of the thing. You can repeat it 3-4 times. In the end each thing should goes through 3-4 hands. Ask people to come back own place and in the turn tell the story of the thing they have and give it back to the owner. (15 minutes)

 

Activities

1. Explain that the workshop will be opportunity to see how the information are spread and how we understand it. (5 minutes)

 

2. Ask people to get into five groups. Now they will be journalists responsible for preparation of daily news based on the picture they receive and information they have. They can choose, if that will be news in TV, internet or newspaper. Ask them to work only in the group and don't communicate with other groups. (5 minutes)

 

3. Give to each group printed picture (you can use one from Annex 1 or search another one) and short description of the information, which they have to prepare:

 

GROUP 1: Police arrested terrorist responsible for the last attack

GROUP 2: Police used force against immigrants in the camp

GROUP 3: Police attacked citizen in the concert only because of the color of the skin

GROUP 4:  Immigrants attacked police

GROUP 5: Immigrants waiting on the border are trying to come illegal to our country

(15 minutes)

 

4. When the work is done, ask each group in turn to present their news and show the picture illustrated it. (15 minutes)

 

5. After the last presentation ask what happened?

-Why are the information different, if all groups had the same pictures?

-How did they create the news?

-What was important to share with the public? (10 minutes)

 

6. Conduct a brief shower of ideas session on the “fake news”, asking participants to say, what it is , how they understand it and give examples from media or their life. (10 minutes)

 

7. Explain, what is fake news and present seven types of it (Annex 2) (15 minutes)

 

8. Invite participants to the quiz (Annex 3) to check if they can recognize fake news. They can work in the couples or group of three persons.

Present prepared quiz and ask groups to write down the answers on the paper. After the last question ask each group to give their answer to the group on the left side. Now read the correct answers and ask the groups to count the points (15 minutes).

 

9. Ask participants if that was difficult to recognize fake news. Why yes or why not? What was their strategy of the answers? From where do they know if it's right or false? (10 minutes)

 

10. Explain, that now we will create the list of tips how to spot fake new. Ask people to get into groups of four, discuss the topic in the group and write down the answers on the flipchart paper. (20 minutes)

 

11. When the work is done, ask each group in turn to present their list. Give the time to explanation and questions but leave the debriefing for the end of the workshop. (15 minutes)

 

12. Ask participants if they agree, that we are obligate to check the information before we share it with the others. Ask people to stay in the line in dependence on their answer for the question. In one side there will be people, who strongly agree with the thesis, the we are obligate to check the information before we share it with the others, opposite will stay people who strongly disagree with the thesis. Everyone should find the best place in the group. (3 minutes)

NOTE: that should be a line, not two or three groups

 

13. Invite 3 person standing in the end of each side of the line (6 people together) to discussion about putting thesis. They will be experts sitting in the circle of 6 person and present arguments for or against to convince the audience.

The rest of the participant sit in the circle around the experts and write down the arguments of both sides. The time for discussion is 7 minutes.

 

14. When the discussion is over ask participants to present one by one the arguments, which they wrote down on the paper. Make the list of pros & cons to collect all points. (15 minutes)

 

15. Ask participants, if they ever heard about theory of filter bubble. If yes, ask what it is; if not explain briefly the theory. (Annex 5) Ask about the consequences of selection of information, which we receive. (10 minutes)

 

 

Debriefing

Start with the question about own experience of participants.

-What do you think, did you ever believe in fake news?

-Did you ever share fake news?

-Why are people created fake news?

-Who does get the profits from fake news?

-How does fake news influence in our opinion and behaviours? (10 minutes)

 

Support tools

 

Inspiration

If you have access to internet you can ask people to search examples of fake news in his/her facebook.

You can check the news from the most popular portals.

Variation: You can do the 1st exercise without giving subtitles for the picture.

ELI PARISER: BEWARE ONLINE “FILTER BUBBLES”, TED speech (https://www.ted.com/talks/eli_pariser_beware_online_filter_bubbles?language=pl#t-2996)

http://www.rappler.com/technology/163613-fake-news-quiz

 

Ideas for action

If you have access to internet you can ask people to search examples of fake news in his/her facebook.

You can check the news from the most popular portals.

Variation: You can do the 1st exercise without giving subtitles for the picture.

 

ANNEXES

Annex 1: Picture of French police restrain a migrant in the shanty town in Calais, 2009

Annex 2: Fake news

Annex 3: Is it fake news or not - quiz

Annex 4: How to recognize fake news

Annex 5: Filter bubble

 

Created by Foundation IRSE

ITE

 

 

 

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The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsi¬ble for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

 

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