Migrants caviardage

History of migration


The specific and general objectives of the session are the following:

-to know more about history of migration

-to learn about the technique of caviardage

-to think about the positive power of transformation


Expected Outcomes

The expected outcomes on the target groups are the following:

- to learn something more about history of migration

- to learn the technique of “caviardage”, a form of creative writing


Target group

All groups/Society

Adolescents, Adults

Number of participants: 10-20 people



(1 - very easy, 5 - very difficult)

The degree of expertise needed - 2

The amount of work to prepare and implement the scenario - 3

The relative overall cost predicted - 2



1h 30 min



Room with capacity for 10-20 people, seating arrangement, tables


Copies of the text in Annex 4: Notions about history of migration (one for each participant), box of paints, black pencils, rubbers, and black colours for each participant



The facilitator should read Annex 1: The technique of caviardage  to get to know more about the technique of caviardage.  For more information see the inspiration section.

The facilitator should prepare copies  of Annex 4 according to the number of participants.




Migration has been contributing to shape the modern world by producing profound and lasting changes in lifestyle, language and culture. In certain countries, this has been seen as appropriate and even desirable, while in others it is the subject of much debate.

With this activity the facilitator will draw the attention to the positive aspects of transformation.



Stage 1: Debate about the topic of history of migration (30 min)

The facilitator asks participants the following questions in order to test their knowledge of the topic:

1) How do you define the term “migration”?

2) In your opinion, in which historical period the migration started?

3) Which are the main causes of migration?

4) Would you define migration more a positive or negative phenomenon?

5) In your opinion, how multicultural has your country become as a result of migration?

After that, the participants are asked to read the text in Annex 4.

The facilitator explains that the transformation is the key word of this activity.

By using the method of caviardage the he/she proposes an activity about positive aspects of change by starting from the text in Annex 4.


Stage 2: Explanation about the technique of caviardage (10 min)

The facilitator explains the technique of caviardage, a form of creative writing.

It consists in reading a text and choosing some words that capture the reader’s interest.

The phrases or words that we do not need will be 'blackened' to show what remains. So this technique consists in the elimination of words or phrases to obtain a new “poetic” composition.

It is possible to leave the work in black, as you can see in Annex 2.

A second kind of caviardage is more creative: it is possible to use more colours and create a drawing related to the caviardage (see Annex 3).

The final result should be a new “poetic” text that make a sense completely different from the original one.


Stage 3: Individual creation of the caviardage (25 min)

Participants will use the copies of the text in Annex 4 to create their own caviardage.

It is important to underline that it doesn’t exist a right or a wrong result. There is no need for rhyme.

It is a moment of creativity, helpful to think about the positive aspect of change and transformation. Starting from a text you can find something new, something special.


Stage 4: Reading the caviardages created by participants (10 min)

The facilitator invites participants to read their own creation.

It is not mandatory for everybody; only volunteers can read it.

The facilitator remembers again that the aim is not choosing the best one. Each creation is a creative expression of participants. We would like to reflect together to the importance of observe something, transform it, to try to find the value of hidden beauty in everything/everybody.



The lecturer proposes a final reflection asking in plenary the following questions (15 min):


1) Do you think you have learnt something new about migration?

2) Has your opinion about migration changed after this activity? Why? Why not?

3) Do you know if your grand parents or your parents migrated from their country of origin?

4) How do you feel in creating your own caviardage?



Support tools



History of migration: IOM International Organisation for Migration: Migration and history: http://www.rcmvs.org/documentos/IOM_EMM/v1/V1S03_CM.pdf

For the creation of caviardage:





Ideas for action

Any other texts could be chosen. It could be interesting to use some extracts from migrants' literature translated into mother tongue of participants.



Annex 1: The technique of caviardage

Annex 2 : Example of a classic caviardage

Annex 3: Example of a more creative caviardage

Annex 4: Notions about history of migration

Created by EURO





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The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsi¬ble for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.


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