The Trial

Intercultural Dialogue


- To encourage dialogue and cultural understanding

- To encourage consensus-based decision-making


Expected Outcomes

At the end of the session participants will be able to:

- make decisions through consensus agreements.

- know other cultures and put themselves in the place of others.


Target group

Nationals, Immigrants, Refugees, Asylum seekers

Youth, Adults (over 18 years old)

Number of participants: 12 - 20 people



(1 - very easy, 5 - very difficult)

The degree of expertise needed - 2

The amount of work to prepare and implement the scenario - 2

The relative overall cost predicted - 2



1 h 50 min (with 10 minutes break)


A large classroom with tables and chairs, that can be moved, for participants


Handouts (Annex 1), paper, pens, 4 large cards (bristol), board, markers, post it notes


The facilitator should copy the handouts and prepare the classroom for the groups



Introduction (10  min)

The facilitator explains that the activity will consist of a trial. To do this we will divide the participants into 2 groups and each one will have to work on a case. Within each group there will be two positions, one for and against, that will have to argue and defend against the rest of the participants (the jury, who will be the members of the other group). Then the participants must vote to decide which of the positions won.



Group discussion (10 min)

The facilitator delivers a case to each group (Annex 1) and divides the participants of each group into two camps (a defender and a detractor).

Each side must separately take notes of their arguments and then defend them against the rest of the other participants.


Exposition and arguments (30 min)

Once the groups have their arguments for and against, the facilitator reads a case and invites that group to begin with their exposition. Both sides must contribute their arguments and should write on a large cardboard the main points and ideas, then hang it on the wall for the rest of the classroom participants to see. Each side will write on separate boards. They have 15 min per group.

Once the first group is finished, the next group will start.


Break (10 min)


Voting and verdict (40 min)

The facilitator indicates that it is time to vote.

For this we must distribute the class in such a way that the groups remain in front of each other.

The facilitator will indicate that in the first place individual voting will be made, for this, each person of the jury will stand up and paste a Post-it on the board that he/she is going to support. Then the counting will be done and the debate will begin in order to reach a consensus. The group A become a jury for the group B and vice versa.

If there are people who change sides can stand up and change their sticker to the other card.

After ending with case 1, the same is done with case 2.

Each group will have 20 minutes.




Conclusions (5 min)


Once the voting is over, the facilitator begins a series of questions to see the results of the activity and to ascertain the participants' learning:

-Do you think these cases frequently occur?

-Has it cost you to reach an agreement?

-How did you feel about the case?

-Is it easier to maintain standards or change them?

-Do you think it is easy to reach an understanding with people from other cultures?

- At present it is necessary to be aware that there are other cultures with which we live that have different regulations or norms.

- For our part we must try to understand their customs and if improvements can be made in our rules, to do so in order that no person is left out.

- It is important to learn to listen to all views before giving an opinion on an issue because it may be that we are not getting the whole reality.


Support tools





Ideas for action



Annex 1:  Handouts for group discussion


Created by Ecos do Sur





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Make it Better

Ecos do Sur




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